Learning how to eat healthily is an important part of controlling your diabetes.

The good news is that you can make a big difference to your health through the right food choices.

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A balanced diet contains:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Fats
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

Understand how a food diary can help you to manage your diabetes well:

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Carbs are the only nutrients that can have an impact on your blood sugar

The food we take contains carbohydrates in various forms (Poly-saccharides, Di-saccharides and  mono-saccharides).

In the intestines, the complex sugars are digested with the help of enzymes into simple sugars.

All simple sugars are then converted into glucose, the absorbable form of carbohydrates.

This glucose is absorbed & enters the blood stream, causing a rise in blood glucose levels.

It is therefore very important to consider the amount of carbs that you eat.

 

THERE ARE TWO MAIN TYPES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN YOUR FOOD:

  • Starches: found in bread, pasta, rice, cereal, sweetcorn, starchy vegetables, and crackers
  • Sugars: found in fruits, fruit juices, milk, yoghurt, and sweets
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Not all foods contain carbohydrates

fruit

Some types of food products are free from carbohydrates, including the following:

Proteins: meat, poultry, eggs, fish, cheese

Fats: avocado, nuts, seeds, oils, butter, margarine, mayonnaise

Sugar-free items: sugar-free gum, sugar-free gelatin

Non-starchy vegetables contain very less carbs carrot, tomato, lettuce, green beans, summer squash

You can limit the amount of carbs in your food by following the following 2 methods:

Glycaemic Index 

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Carb counting 

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